When it comes to deciding how to pay for college, there’s a lot of information out there. It can feel totally overwhelming—but it doesn’t have to. You’re already on the right track just by doing a little research. Here’s a high-level checklist to help you get started.
1. Start with money you won't have to pay back, like savings, scholarships, and grants
Maybe your family has money saved for college—or maybe not. That’s okay! Just have an honest conversation. Before you can decide how to pay for college, you need to know your family’s answers to these questions:
- Is paying for college your responsibility only or will your family help?
- How much money does your family have saved for college?
- How much savings can you contribute to your own education?
College scholarships are free money for college—you don’t need to pay them back. They’re offered by colleges, towns, states, religious organizations, companies, non-profits, and more. Scholarships can often range from $500 to more than $25,000. So yeah, scholarships are worth your time and effort. Your future self will thank you.
A few key facts about scholarships:
- You need to search and apply for scholarships. Try a free tool like Scholarship Search. Applications might require an essay or other submission.
- Apply for scholarships early and often. Start during your junior year of high school and apply every year through college. Think of scholarships as an ongoing item on your checklist.
- It’s okay if you’re not a straight-A student. There are tons of different types of scholarships out there.
Grants for college are another free money option. The difference with grants is that they’re usually given out based on financial need, while scholarships can be awarded based on your skills, hobbies, interests, ethnicity, religion, and more. For example, Federal Pell Grants are the largest source of federally funded grants. They’re awarded solely based on your financial need.
To qualify for grants, your family needs to fill out the FAFSA (Free Application for Federal Student Aid), a form that determines how much federal financial aid you’re eligible for. You can submit the FAFSA as early as October of your senior year of high school. And federal aid is first come, first served, so don’t put it off!
2. Explore federal student loans
If you need to borrow money for college (and most students do), start with federal student loans. Federal student loans are money you borrow from the U.S. government. The benefits of federal student loans are that they usually have lower interest rates and more flexible repayment options than private student loans.
To qualify for federal student loans, again, you need to submit the FAFSA.
FAFSA quick tips:
- Ask for a parent’s help (you’ll need some of their financial info)
- Save time by gathering necessary documents in advance
- Submit the FAFSA each year you’re in college